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Chineseexpertscalledforacarrotandsticktopromotethetimelyreleaseofvirusdata

彩苞凤梨 崔洋

  Chinese experts called for a "carrot and stick" to promote the timely release of virus data "In the critical period of epidemic prevention and control, and timely release of data that the virus is more our moral responsibility and.Hope academia to promote dissemination and sharing of data, to avoid unnecessary delay in release."The official micro-channel Chinese Academy of Sciences released the afternoon of the 20th Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing Institute of Genomics Research Fellow," "academic director of the Center for Innovation and Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences assessment team leader Wu Zhongyi brain science and smart technology excellence," comments National Science National Science Review, "executive editor of Poo said common appeal.The two renowned experts said that given the current grim situation of the epidemic, choose not contrary to public data related virus research ethics.Respond to data released, the country has established a number of open database or data analysis platform and open academic journals, it should be by way of a "carrot and stick" to facilitate data published."Carrot", the group recommended that they learn the preliminary data published in journals receiving treatment, and further, based on a sound analysis of the data submitted in advance, then it should continue to receive."Sticks", the journal should be taken seriously for those papers to conceal public health and safety data, he declined to investigate this unethical academic behavior."As the research does not comply with animal experiments ethical changed again to no rejections, concealment of public health safety-critical data, the industry should adhere to zero tolerance attitude.".Wu Zhongyi and Poo said that beginning in 2020, the outbreak of pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus that swept the country.Two weeks ago, the epidemic is increasingly grim, they had called counterparts, this virus genomic data public as soon as possible, because these data have important implications for global public health security, the international academic community also urged emergency data sharing through various channels.But it did not, demand more and more urgent, while the domestic release of data is very slow."Now, we reiterate our call to accelerate the speed of the new data released viruses crown.Based on the preliminary results of the analysis of the evolution of the virus experts, we have good reason for repeating the previous initiative. ".At present, a preliminary analysis of the evolution of the virus in the population can only be based on limited public data, as of February 10, a total of 55 new crown viral genome publicly available.Which, prior to January 22 the 31 sequencing data obtained almost entirely from China, however, after January 22, the remaining 24 copies all data from overseas."Data background faults, makes it difficult to find the law of continuous in time and geography.Non-standard public trend data highlights the contradiction between academia ".They pointed out that new data released mainly from foreign rather than domestic epidemic is serious, whether on the sequencing data should be publicly available and freely accessible, quite a controversy in the domestic network, is rooted in how to protect research contributions, the impact of intellectual property rights.The researchers high journal "over-valued bad atmosphere, has shown the problem is not only in the academic circles of the outbreak, the detention of data is usually not interfere with the normal operation of society, but in the current crisis situation, the impact It will be serious and far-reaching.Indeed, the first batch of papers released viral sequences someone clarify possible successor virus, but did not promptly inform the community.The next review of the epidemic, these days delay may be key.The two experts have warned that although the virus looks seem slow evolution, but there are some signals can not be taken lightly: First of all, most of the amino acid sequence mutations are present in the data reported in the recent foreign, perhaps implying virus evolution; secondly, 8 mutations cluster in amino acid sequence, mutations appear to promote a further mutation occurs; third, in particular, need to guard against viral mutations located on site ORF8 gene 28144.Such a transition looks amazing, but the sample size is not large enough, may not be statistically reliable, but also need more data to check whether this mutation is a clear danger signal.The worst possibility is that, after a two-month "slow evolution" mode, the new crown virus "explore" ways out of evolution, began to stir.The first phase of the SARS virus evolution also happens to be two months.It speculated that the foregoing uncertainties are high, because it is not big enough sample size, "Only a complete and publish the data in a timely manner, possible dust settles.".

Chinese experts called for a carrot and stick to promote the timely release of virus data

Chinese experts called for a carrot and stick to promote the timely release of virus data